Borra Caves in Vizag
Caves are seen in different parts of India especially the northern states. In Maharashtra state you can find different caves located at different places. But this article gives you information regarding the Borra Caves located in Andhra Pradesh state of India. In Telugu language, popularly used in Andhra Pradesh, Borra Caves are also known as Borra Guhalu. I think by hearing the word caves, most people are able to understand the actual meaning of it. Do you know the meaning of the word Borra Guhalu? It's simple. Borra means something that has to be bored into the ground and Guhalu means caves. Many of you may be thinking the reason why these caves were named as Borra Caves? It should be noted that those caves got their name from the formation inside the caves which exactly looked like a human brain and in Telugu language was known as Borra. Borra Caves have some special features. We should know about it as it is located in our country. This cave is considered to be the largest as well as deepest cave of India.
Have you heard about the Gosthani River? People of Visakhapatnam know more about the Gosthani River. Gosthani River originates from Borra Caves and flows through this Visakhapatnam district. If you get a chance to visit the Borra Caves, the river can be heard flowing above from inside the caves. According to historic records, Gosthani River was once famous for huge limestone deposits. But by the passage of time, the minerals started to suspend because of continuous water flow and it is believed that this led to the formation of caves. When we speak about the location of Borra Caves, remember that it is seen in the east coast of India, especially the Ananthagiri hills of Araku Valley, in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh state, India.
Borra Caves India
Borra caves were discovered in 1807 by William King George of Geological Survey of India. In these caves you can see stalactite and stalagmite formations. Stalagmites mean deposits seen at the bottom of the cave and grow upward while stalactites are considered as the calcium carbonate deposits that hang from the top of the cave. All science students are familiar with the fact that calcium carbonate is a compound represented by the formula CaCO3. It is believed that Borra Caves are one-million year old. For those who wish to visit the caves, remember that no accommodation is available close to these caves. Inside the caves, you will be able to see interesting structures, temple, mosque, church, mushroom formation, yellow colored sulfur deposits, calcium deposits etc. The interior of the caves is made colorful as well as spectacular by 63 lamps of sodium vapor, mercury and halogen lamps respectively. Persons who are interested to know more about Borra Caves must read the rest of this article to know more about the largest cave located in our India.
Legends associated with Borra Caves
We all know the fact that ancient things seen in our country has historical facts or legends related to it. Likewise the Borra Caves of Andhra Pradesh have a legend associated to it. I have no doubt that we people are interested to hear legends. So I think now you all are ready to hear the legends of Borra Caves. Once, a cow was grazing on the top of the caves. Suddenly it got dropped through a hole in the roof. Meanwhile the cowherd was searching for the cow. He came across the caves and found a stone inside the cave that resembled a lingam. The cowherd interpreted it as lord Shiva who protected the cow. This story was narrated by the tribal who inhabited the villages around the caves. They built a lord Shiva temple outside the caves and people used to visit this temple for worship and to get a glimpse of the lingam. Now I believe that majority of you are interested to take a trip to Borra Caves in India.
Borra Caves timings: 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Borra Caves entry fees:
Child: Rs 15
Adult: Rs 25
Camera: Rs 25
Video and digital cameras: Rs 100
How to reach Borra Caves?
I have already mentioned that Borra Caves is located in Andhra Pradesh state, India. So you can easily reach there by means of air, road or rail services.
•Araku Rail cum Road tour
This is a daily tour from Vizag to Araku via Borra Caves. The departure time will be 7:00 AM and the arrival is 9:00 PM on the same day. For adults, the fare will be Rs 300 and for child it is Rs 240. The fare is subjected to change.
•Araku-Tyda-Borra caves tour
This is a daily tour from Vizag to Araku, Borra Caves and Tyda forest. This does not include the rail journey. The departure time is 7:00 AM and the arrival time is 9:00 PM on the same day. For adults, the fare will be Rs 150 and for child it is Rs 120. It should be noted that the fare will be subjected to change.
•By car from Vizag
If you are driving the car from Vizag, on the Ghat road remember that it will take 4 hours to reach the Borra Caves.
Contact AP tourism department
For queries contact
Tourism department of AP,
Central reservation manager,
Central reservation office,
No 46A, RTC complex, Visakhapatnam
Tel: 0891- 2746446
Mobile: 9848023948 / 9848007022 / 9848185775
Tourism information centre Vizag, Tel: 0891-2746446 / 2754716